Thematic Cities Cluster

Sustainable Tourism, Heritage Protection & Creative Economy

The Cities Cluster on Sustainable Tourism, Heritage Protection & Creative Economy offers an interactive space for knowledge sharing to foster collaboration between partners at the cities level from the global South. The cluster aims to engage the cities partners on how to reactivate the tourism sector through technological innovations, sustainable tourism, heritage protection, tourism e-commerce, creative economy. The Cities Project welcomes city partners in participating in this cluster and hopes the knowledge exchanged here spur South-South cooperation and a swift post-pandemic social and economic recovery.

About this Thematic Cluster

Tourism has the potential to advance all SDGs through the optimization of the utilization of environmental resources, providing long-term social and economic support to host communities. But tourism has also been one of the most hard-hit sectors during the COVID-19 crisis. At the height of the pandemic, 89 percent of the countries partially or fully closed their World Heritage sites to visitors (UNESCO, 2020).

2021 expects to witness continued impact by COVID-19 on global tourism, including a decrease of 87% in international tourist arrivals that have occurred in January 2021 compared to January 2020 (UNWTO, 2021). Countries dependent on tourism industries will continue t0 suffer losses of revenue due to the lack of sufficient alternative livelihood opportunities.

Creative economy is a concept that revolves around human creativity and ideas, intellectual property, knowledge and technology. Although creative economy export trade grew annually at an average rate of 7 per cent  between 2002 and 2015 (UNCTAD, 2021), concerns exist over the unequal distribution of benefits brought by creative industries among all people. For instance, developing countries face many challenges exporting their creative economy outputs (UNCTAD, 2021). During the COVID-19 pandemic, many creative industries such as venue-based sectors like museums, galleries, and theatres were downsized because of lockdown measures, harming cities and regions in terms of jobs and revenue, levels of innovation, citizen well-being, and the vibrancy and diversity of communities. In November 2020, the UN rectified a landmark resolution, making 2021 the “International Year of Creative Economy for Sustainable Development” and offering opportunities to reimagine creative economy within the targets of the SGDs. 

Starting from 2020, the Cities Project has organized webinars and exchanges to facilitate knowledge sharing, interactions between and among cities and their mutual learning, as well as forging collaboration and partnership. The Cities Project also organized the ‘Travel South over the Cloud’ series with four webinars focusing on knowledge sharing, exchanges, and learnings on the role of digitalization in facilitating the growth and recovery of the tourism sector, with particular attention to the following aspects: technological innovations, tourism e-commerce, creative economy, and Word Heritage Cities. In 2021, the Cities Project organized online exchanges between Southern cities to explore potential cooperation and kickstart partnership building. In the same year, the Cities Project, in partnership with UNESCO Mexico and the Mexican World Heritage Cities Association (MWHCA or ANCMPM), launched a pilot project on South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Sustainable Tourism in Mexico.

In 2022, the Cities Project has witnessed the signing of SoI between Xiamen city, China and Santiago city, Chile as a result of a series of exchanges initiated and facilitated by the Project, and the friendly and fruitful exchanges between different pairs of cities.

“The Cities Project has continued facilitating exchanges between cities aiming at developing and improving tourism and creative economy and disseminating good practices in these respects, thus expecting more collaboration and partnership between local sectoral actors. ”

Members of this Cluster



Anyang, a prefecture-level city in Henan Province, was called Xiang, Yin, Ye, Yecheng, Yedu, Yejun, Xiangzhou, Zhangde in ancient times, etc., Yin or Ye for short. It is located in north-central China and the northernmost part of Henan Province. At the junction of the three provinces of Hebei, Henan and Shanxi, it is bordered by Puyang in the east, Changzhi in the west, Hebi and Xinxiang in the south, and Handan in the north. As of 2019, Anyang City has a total area of 7,413 square kilometers, with 4 districts, 1 county-level city, 4 counties, and a permanent population of 5,192,200. Anyang is one of the eight ancient capitals of China. It is the hometown of oracle-bone inscriptions, the birthplace of Zhouyi, the birthplace of the Red Flag Canal spirit, and a national historical and cultural city. In history, the Shang Dynasty, Cao Wei, Hou Zhao, Ran Wei, Qianyan, Eastern Wei and Northern Qi successively established their capitals in Anyang. There are 91 sites for the protection of cultural relics at or above the provincial level, of which 23 are national cultural relics protection units and 68 are provincial cultural relics protection sites.

Anyang is famous for agriculture, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, the automobile manufacturing industry, the coking industry, the coal mining and washing industry. In 2020, Anyang City completed a GDP of 230.05 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3% over the previous year.

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Anyang, China

Aparecida de Goiânia


Aparecida de Goiânia will be 100 years old in 2022, filled with opportunities. At nearly 600,000 inhabitants and a privileged geographic location, it attracts investors and generates over 120,000 jobs.

The solid establishment of businesses and universities, within its territory, thrives around great perspectives in healthcare, energy supply, industry 4.0 and the concept of Smart Cities.

The city also has a video monitoring system to help reduce criminality, and saves energy through the use of solar power, seeking resources to install a photovoltaic farm.

Additionally, over 750 kilometers of optical fiber has been installed, along with a 7,600 terabytes data center.

Following Covid-19 WHO recommendations, the city implemented mass testing, check-ups, network expansion, service qualification, monitoring and treatment of afflicted patients, and a scheduling app for the vaccination campaign.

Aparecida evolves along with social, economic and environmental development, in order to care for its population with multiple best quality services.

Aparecida de Goiânia, Brazil


The Philippines

Baguio is located in the island of Luzon, which is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines. Its geographic location is at 16.411999° N and 120.59834° E with an elevation of 1,400 meters above sea level. The City has a resident population of 366,358 for 2020 growing at 1.54% per year that can reach 600,000 to almost 1 million during peak season of tourist arrivals. Nighttime population is 380,000. Population density is placed at 6,005 per square meter.

It is a landlocked mountainous City also referred to as the “City of Pines” and the “Summer Capital of the Philippines”, popular for its temperate climate and rich cultural background. It has a land area of 5,749 hectares. As to its land cover: 9.81% are declared as watershed and protected forest; 1.41% as parks and recreation areas; 11.04% are open spaces; and the rest are settlement areas.

The City is 206 kilometers away from Manila which takes about four (4) hours to drive. It serves as the gateway to other municipalities in the Cordillera Region mountains. It is the only highly urbanized City in the region. The city is the center for education, trade and tourism in the Cordillera region. It was also declared as a UNESCO Creative City because of its rich culture and tradition on arts and crafts.

Baguio City is also home to one of the country’s most profitable Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) areas called the Baguio City Economic Zone (BCEZ). The BCEZ caters to 44 locators which produce textiles, wearing apparels, electronics, plastic products and others. Production output in the BCEZ accounts for the bulk of the Cordillera’s total exports. The city is also considered the financial center of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). There are 82 banks operating in the city. Of these, 48 are Commercial, 23 are Rural and Cooperative and 11 Thrift banks. Baguio City is still the Summer Capital of the Philippines and remains to be among the top 14 destinations in the country. It is also among the top 20 destinations for Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibition (MICE). It received close to 1.3 million tourists in 2016, with tourism receipts amounting to Php 8.1 billion.

Baguio, the Philippines



During the seventeenth century, around the port city of Campeche, powerful fortress and a long wall were built to repel the constant English, French, and Dutch Pirate attacks. Nowadays, this city is an outstanding example of military architecture from the Spanish Colonial era, and Campeche’s Old Quarter is one of the most harmonious and well-preserved Baroque Architectural complexes in Mexico. It is also considered one of the most beautiful and pleasant places in the country.

Campeche, Mexico



With more than 450 years of history, the city of Durango offers an endless number of experiences full of culture and traditions, excellent gastronomy and incredible places that will invite visitors to come back.
Durango’s Historic Center contains the greatest architectural richness in northern Mexico. The city of Durango offers visitors a very diverse set of excellent museums, a western style theme park, and also incredible natural landscapes and historic sites that are part of the route of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.

Durango, Mexico



250 years ago, Guanajuato was the main production center of silver in the World, making it a key piece in the industrial and economic history of Mexico and the World. The great economic development achieved by this city today is visible in its wonderful buildings, its intricate streets, alleys, and squares. Guanajuato is one of the most beautiful mining cities in the world and the host of “El Cervantino” Festival, the most important international festival of arts and culture in Mexico.

Guanajuato, Mexico



Located on the west coast of Turkey by the Aegean Sea, Izmir belongs to the broader region of Southeast Europe, and is one of the major port cities in the Mediterranean. Izmir province stretches over an area of 12.000 km2 and comprises 30 districts, 11 of which are situated in the metropolitan area.

Thanks to its favorable geographical location, climate, water resources and fertile lands, the 8500-year-old city has been the home of many civilizations and cultures. Today, the city celebrates its unique culture, which stems from its heritages, cuisine and cosmopolitan lifestyle where the sea and the agriculture play an influential role. Izmir’s cultural vision is to evolve into a city of arts, design and innovation, ensuring biodiversity, and eco-friendly production and distribution models. Another aspect of this vision involves developing trans-border relations and making Izmir a node in major city networks by promoting interactions and diversity. The municipality aims at making İzmir more prosperous, democratic, inclusive, just, equal, safe and sustainable with its cultural policies.

Izmir, Turkey


the Gambia

Janjanbureh Area Council, located in the Central River Region - South, comprises of 6 Constituencies (Janjanbureh, Niamina West, Niamina East, Niamina Dankunku, Lower Fulladu West and Upper Fulladu West) and 12 Wards (Maccarthy, Catamina, Jareng, Kudang, Dankunku, Brikamaba, Fulabantang, Kerewan, Sare Sofie, Daru, Bansang and Galleh). Like other area councils, JAC is mandated under the Local Government Act of 2002 to administer the affairs of the Janjanbureh Local Government Authority (LGA) and provide for the needs and welfare of residents living in the area.

Located in the southern part of the Central River Region (CRR), the Janjanbureh Local Government Area is typically rural, with one major growth center (Janjanbureh). The LGA has a total land area of 1,428 Km2, which is the third smallest LGA in terms of size, aside from Banjul and Kanifing.

According to the IHS 2015/16, poverty in the Janjanbureh LGA (71.4 percent) as measured by the headcount index is above the national average of 48.6 percent. The LGA is the second poorest LGA after Kuntaur (72.4 percent). Between 2010 and 2015/16, poverty rate in the Janjanbureh LGA has generally worsened, increasing from 54.2 percent in 2010 to 71.4 percent in 2015/16.

Janjanbureh, the Gambia



Lishui was established as early as 1400 years ago. It has a total area of 17,300 km2, which occupies 1/6 of Zhejiang’s land area. It presently exercises jurisdiction over 9 counties (city & district) with a total population of 2.70 million.

Lishui is an important ecological shelter zone in Zhejiang and even in East China. It is known as the “No.1 ecological city in China”. we have the largest mountain area in both Jiangsu and Zhejiang. It is the source of six rivers. The forest coverage rate is 81.7%. The air quality ranks in the top ten in the country. The Ecological Environment Status Index has ranked first in the province for 15 consecutive years. It has become the first batch of national ecological civilization demonstration zones, the first batch of national ecological protection and construction demonstration zones, and the national water ecological civilization cities, and was selected as the first batch of national climate-adaptive cities.

Lishui is the hometown of Chinese folk art. It has 3 UN intangible cultural heritages and 18 national intangible cultural heritages. The three treasures of Lishui, Longquan Celadon, Longquan Sword, and Qingtian Stone Carving are famous in China and abroad. There are 257 national-level traditional villages in the city. It is the area with the largest number of ancient villages and the most complete style in East China. It is known as the “last secret place in the south of yangzi river”. In addition, the overseas Chinese culture, She minority culture and photography culture of Lishui are unique local cultural brands.

Lishui is also a famous hometown for overseas Chinese. The population of Lishui is less than one twentieth of the whole province, but the proportion of overseas Chinese in Lishui exceeds one fifth of the whole province. Currently, there are 415,000 overseas Chinese, covering more than 130 countries and regions in five continents. They are an important bridge to build up friendship between Lishui and foreign countries.

Lishui, China



Located in the West of Henan Province, Luoyang got its name due to its location in the adret of the ancient Luoshui River. It is a historic city with more than three thousand years of history. It was the capital city for nine dynasties, including the East Zhou, East Han, Caowei, West Jin, North Wei, Sui, Wuzhou, Late Liang, Late Tang, so it is named as the ``Ancient Capital of the Nine Dynasties``, ranking top one among the seven ancient capitals in China. The Heluo area with Luoyang as the center is the important origin of the Huaxia Civilization.

The most prosperous period of Luoyang was in the Sui and Tang dynasties with a population of more than one million. Known as the oriental start of the ``silk road``, it had wide political, economic, cultural exchanges with countries of Europe, North Africa and Asia.

The ancient capital Luoyang also boasts rich humanistic cultures. The fables about Fuxi, Nuwa, Yellow Emperor, Tangyao, Yushun, Xiayu in ancient China were mostly originated from here; the generation and development of traditional Chinese cultures: Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, are closely related with Luoyang; the Book of Changes and The Eight Diagrams were generated here; Laotze wrote the Daoism here; Confucius once asked the ceremony here; The Historical Book of Han Dynasty and Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government were complied here; Zhang Heng invented Armillary Sphere and Seismograph here; and the great poets Du Fu and Li Bai left their ever-lasting poems here.

The rich and abundant historic culture of Luoyang has done its contribution to the Chinese nation and also leaves endless wealth and relic sites for the following generations to visit and ponder on the past. Luoyang Longmen Grottoes is one of the three art treasures of the Chinese stone inscription; the first temple Baima Temple was the first temple built after the introduction of Buddhism into China and reputed as ``Shiyuan`` and ``Zuting`` of China's Buddhism; the Mangshan in the north has the largest ancient tomb cluster in China shaped since East Zhou Dynasty and more than 400 thousand precious cultural relics have been excavated here and the first ancient tomb museum in the world has been built here. In addition, Luoyang is also famous for its three colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty, Luoyang peony, Heluo Peculiar Stone (Yellow River Peculiar Stone), Luo embroidery and the Guanlin, one of the three famous Guandi Temples in China.

The ancient capital Luoyang is among the first batch of China's historic cities declared by the Chinese government.

Luoyang, China



In the founding of Morelia in 1541, there were combined influences of Spanish Renaissance with the experience of the native-Americans. Morelia’s checkered urban trace and the unity of the various architectural styles developed between the 16th to 19th centuries have survived until today. In this own way, Morelia illustrates the achievements of several architectural styles: renaissance, baroque, and neoclassical. The vitality of Morelia’s handicrafts and gastronomy are reflection of its cultural wealth and some of the virtues of this beautiful city of pink stone.

Morelia, Mexico

National Association of World Heritage Cities (ANCMPM A.C.)


The National Association of World Heritage Cities (ANCMPM A.C.) supports Mexican municipal presidencies to create synergy, through a network structure to manage resources, generate alliances and to guarantee continuity in the application of public policies for the safeguard and maintenance of historic centers. The ANCMPM A.C. seeks to be an innovative organization that, through its capacity for dialogue with federal and local agencies, can feed into transversal policies that improve the state of conservation of the world heritage in Mexico and generate better economic development in cities.

National Association of World Heritage Cities (ANCMPM A.C.), Mexico



Mersin, also known as the “Pearl of the Mediterranean” is a “Blue” and “Green” city with a very important commercial port on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, situated on the western part of the famous plain of Çukurova, a geographical, economic, and cultural region.

Mersin offers a variety of tourism options, including culture, faith, congress, hiking, tracking, rafting, paragliding, and mountain climbing, in addition to its 320-kilometre-long seashore with its distinctive natural charms and sea, sand, and sun triad. Mersin's natural sandy coastline stretches for around 108 kilometres.

Mersin with 13 administrational districts and a population of 2.200.000 habitants is an important hub of Turkey's economy.

The coast of Mersin has been inhabited since the 9th millennium BCE The region has witnessed to the succession of many different civilizations such as the Hittites, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Seleucids, Lagids, Roman, Byzantine Seljuk and the Ottomans.

Mersin is an open-air museum, with numerous of ruin sites and still standing monuments especially with 9-thousand-year-old Yumuktepe and Gözlükule Tumulus.

Historically, Mersin was a major producer of cotton and cottonseed oil. The rural area around Mersin is famous for citrus and cotton production. Banana, olive, and various fruits are also produced.

The Mersin Port is the mainstay of Mersin’s economy. There are 21 piers, a total port area of 785,000 square meters (194 acres), with a capacity of 6,000 ships per year.

Mersin, Turkey

Mexico City


Mexico City has double ancestry: Aztec (1325) and Spanish (1521). Its cathedral, churches, public squares, and palaces, stand out as a prominent example of the Spanish settlements in the American continent. The Main Temple (Templo Mayor) and the archeological pieces discovered underneath the city, offer an exceptional testimony of the Mexica (Aztec) cultural tradition. Mexico City also has magnificent buildings of the 19th and 20th century, such as the Palace of Fine Arts. Nowadays, it is the most important cultural center in the country, and it is one of the most fascinating cities in Latin America and the world.

Mexico City, Mexico



Oaxaca, founded in 1529, is an excellent example of a Spanish viceregal village. It showcases a valuable set of solid houses, palaces, squares, temples and convents that mix European and American traditions and create true architectural and artistic jewels. Today, Oaxaca has a strong presence of indigenous cultures, which influenced its wonderful handcraft, art, delicious cuisine, and colorful celebrations. Oaxaca is undoubtfully one of the most creative cities in Mexico.

Oaxaca, Mexico



Quanzhou, located in the southeast of Fujian province, is one of the three major central cities of Fujian. It has jurisdiction over four districts (Licheng, Fengze, Luojiang and Quangang), three county-level cities (Jinjiang, Shishi and Nan'an), five counties (Hui’an, Anxi, Yongchun, Dehua and Jinmen which is to be reunited) and two national level development zones (Quanzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and Quanzhou Taiwanese Investment Zone). The city covers an area of 11,015 square kilometers and has a sea area of 11,360 square kilometers, a 541-km-long coastline, 14 large and small ports and 207 islands. It features a subtropical oceanic monsoon climate, with warm and humid weather throughout the year. By the end of 2020, Quanzhou had a permanent population of 8.78 million.

Quanzhou is one of the famous historical and cultural cities approved by the State Council of China and a Culture City of East Asia. It is recognized as one of the starting points of the ancient Maritime Silk Road. In the Tang dynasty (618-907), it was one of the four major foreign trade ports in southern China. During the Song (960-1279) and Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties, Quanzhou Harbor, known as “Zayton” worldwide, was crowned the ``largest harbor in the East`` comparable to Alexandria in Egypt. With rich and diverse cultures, Quanzhou is hailed as the “Museum of World Religions”. The city has 945 cultural heritage sites of all levels, 44 at the national level. Quanzhou is also the cradle of Minnan (southern Fujian) culture and boasts 5 world intangible cultural heritage items and 34 national ICH items. Among them, Nanyin, which literally means music in the south, is known as the ``living fossil`` of ancient Chinese music. It is the only city in China with elements inscribed on both the Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices by UNESCO.

Quanzhou is a major ancestral home of overseas Chinese and Taiwan Han population. Over 9.5 million overseas Chinese of Quanzhou origin resided in more than 170 countries and regions. Many of these people invest in enterprises, schools and social projects in Quanzhou. They have made remarkable contributions to the economic and social development of the city, bridging Quanzhou and the world.

Quanzhou enjoys a dynamic economy featuring prosperous private businesses and manufacturing industry. In 2020, its GDP amounted to 1015.87 billion Yuan, ranking first in Fujian Province for 22 consecutive years and 18th place amongst all cities (Beijing, Shanghai included) in China. Dubbed the “Special Zone for Private Economy”, Quanzhou now has nine industrial clusters, namely textile and clothing, footwear, petrochemicals, machinery and equipment, building materials, food and beverage, crafts, paper and printing, and electronic information, each with an output value of over 100 billion Yuan.

Quanzhou, China



Due to its double origin, first Indigenous and then Spanish, Querétaro has a particular urban outline. On one side, the Indigenous part with sinuous and narrow streets, on the other side, the Spanish influence of a grid trace. Today, Queretero’s historical center still holds its original outline and a great number of monuments. On the outside and inside of Queretaro’s temples, convents and palaces are magnificent treasures of baroque architecture and art.

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Querétaro, Mexico

Rio de Janeiro


The city of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, constituted by landscapes of exceptional scenic beauty, is the second-most populous city and economy in Brazil - with an estimated population of 6.718.903 (2019) and a gross domestic product of R$337,6 billion (2017). Contemplated by a large number of universities and institutes, it is also the second-largest research and development center in Brazil, responsible for 19% of the national scientific production, according to 2005 data. The Rio de Janeiro way of being and living is a hallmark of the city and is admired by people from all over the world. Founded in 1565, Rio de Janeiro was also the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960.

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil



Roskovec is a town and municipality in Fier County, south-central of Albania. The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Kuman Kurjan, Roskovec and Strum.

The natural resources, monuments, traditions, land products, local cuisine and hospitality combined with the infrastructure projects undertaken by the Municipality are gradually turning Roskovec into a tangible tourist attraction.

Commemoration of the ``City Feast`` or ``Olive Feast`` as an annual celebration, placement of works of modern art in its squares and streets, preservation and promotion of the values of material culture and development of numerous cultural, artistic and sports activities show that the quality of life in Roskovec has begun to change.

Roskovec, Albania



Puebla was founded in 1531 as a city of Spanish colonists surrounded by Indigenous neighborhoods. Thanks to the agricultural industry, it became one of the biggest and most prosperous cities of the New Spain. A good part of this greatness survives until today in its historical center, example of the Spanish urbanistic in America (16th - 19th century) which aimed to create “the ideal city”. Today, Puebla showcases a vast richness in plastic arts, present in churches and museums, in the Talavera Poblana (a kind of majolica ceramics mixing Chinese, Italian, Spanish and Indigenous techniques) and its unique gastronomy.

Puebla, Mexico

San Luís Potosí


San Luís Potosí was founded in 1592, after Captain Caldera y Juna de Oñate and Viceroy Luis de Velasco y Castilla discovered gold and silver in Cerro de San Pedro. The title of city was granted in 1656 by Viceroy Francisco Fernandez de la Cueva y Enriquez de Cabrera and was confirmed by King Philip IV two years later. Built on prairie, the architecture of San Luis Potosi has a record of monuments, an important monumental wealth, both in religious and civil buildings. The historical and artistic heritage of the city can be seen through several styles such as baroque novohispano, neoclassicism, among others.

San Luís Potosí, Mexico

San Miguel de Allende


San Miguel de Allende was founded in 1542 as a catholic mission to evangelize Indigenous towns. However, with the emergence of the mining cities of Zacatecas and Guanajuato, the city was placed on the crossroad of Camino Real, the crossing route of the New Spain and by which the silver was moved. Since then, San Miguel de Allende became a center of cultural exchange between Spanish, indigenous and creoles communities. Today the city maintains numerous religious and civil buildings of Mexican baroque style, as well as masterpieces of the periods between the baroque and the neoclassic periods.

San Miguel de Allende, Mexico



Xochimilco is a borough 21 kms away from Mexico City’s Historic Center. The borough is centered on the formerly independent city of Xochimilco, which was established on what was the southern shore of Lake Xochimilco in the precolonial period. Today, the borough consists of eighteen “barrios”, or neighborhoods, along with fourteen “pueblos”, or villages, covering an area of 125 km2 (48 sq mi). Xochimilco is best known for its canals and “chinampas”, which are the remains of an extensive lake and canal system that connected most of the settlements of the Valley of Mexico. The “chinampas” are a Mesoamerican cultivation technique that consists of floating orchards over the surface of shallow lakes, among which network of waterways are created. Xochimilco is a splendid combination of natural and cultural heritage which has already seven centuries of working life.

Xochimilco, Mexico



Zacatecas was founded in the middle of the 16th century, near important mexican silver deposits. The richness of the city was reflected in elegant manors, hospitals, schools and temples decorated with quarry filigree by anonymous indigenous craftsmen. Due to the city’s strategic position, Zacatecas turned into one of the main and most influential cities in the New Spain. Today the city maintains its original beauty and urban harmony through buildings, narrow streets, little squares and great art collections in museums

Zacatecas, Mexico

Shah Alam


Shah Alam is a city and the state capital of Selangor, Malaysia and situated within the Petaling District and a small portion of the neighbouring Klang District.

Shah Alam is also one of the major cities within the Klang Valley, an area in Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its suburbs, and adjoining cities and towns in the state of Selangor, due to the Klang River flowing through it on its way westward to the Strait of Malacca.

Shah Alam, Malaysia

Mumbwa District


Mumbwa District is situated about 140Km from Lusaka and has a population of approximately 176,620 of which 88,762 are females (50.3%) and 87,858 are males (49.7%). Its average annual Population Growth Rate stands at 3.2%, and the population distribution is 10.7 per square Kilometer. The district has a total land size of approximately 23, 800km2.

Mumbwa, Zambia

Gansu Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries


Gansu Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (GPAFFC) is a not-for-profit civil group, whose work is guided by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC). GPAFFC aims to increase mutual understanding and nurture friendship between people from around the world and promote exchanges and cooperation in economy, trade, society, culture, science and technology and education.

Gansu Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (GPAFFC), China

Afadzato District


The Afadzato District is one of the 46 administrative districts created in 2012 with its capital at Ve-Golokuati, about 58km from Ho, 20km from Hohoe, and 200km from Accra. The total land area of the district is 553.0 square Kilometres about 3.06 % of the total land size of the Volta Region. Moreover, the location of the district has the potential to boost both local and foreign trade.

The Afadzato South District Assembly exists to improve both social and economic life of her people through efficient and effective resource mobilization, maintaining a strong agricultural base for further industrial development, being a leading tourist centre in Ghana and preserving cultural heritage of her people and the Region at large.

Afadzato District, Ghana

Women Innovative Research (WIR) Institute of Greater Bay Area (GBA)


Women Innovative Research (WIR) Institute of Greater Bay Area (GBA) is devoted to ‘empowering the future’ and focusing on the development of the career life cycle for women. It aims to support women in exploring their potentials, developing an international horizon and finding a new position for women in the Greater Bay Area, so as to improve the global influence of women in GBA.

Women Innovative Research (WIR) Institute of Greater Bay Area (GBA), China

Qutoof Professional Development


Founded in 2015, Qutoof is a non-profit professional development organization aiming to establish a high caliber center of excellence in Jordan for achieving sustainability and green growth indicators with extra emphasis on developing the sector of waste management and the recycling industry in the region.

Qutoof Professional Development, Jordan

Zambia Institute of Trade Policy (ZITP)


Zambia Institute of Trade Policy (ZITP) is a trade policy think-tank that contributes to enhanced competitive and productive trade led sustainable growth.

Our mission is to conduct independent empirical evidence-based trade policy research and play an advisory and advocacy role intended to contribute to a robust, sustainable and inclusive development focused trade policy framework at national, regional and global levels.

Thematic Areas that ZITP works on include:
✓ Trade Policy and Trade Law Research and Development
✓ Trade Negotiations
✓ Training and Membership Services
✓ Trade Policy Advocacy and Development

Zambia Institute of Trade Policy (ZITP), Zambia

São Paulo


São Paulo is the financial capital of Brazil, with more than 12 million inhabitants - the largest city in Latin America and in the entire Southern Hemisphere. Today, the city has a robust governance structure, built over the last four centuries not only by its administrators but also by the joint efforts of Brazilians from all regions of the country and also by immigrants of various nationalities already fully integrated into the social fabric of our city, who have contributed to maintaining the strength of our economy and the diversity of our people, an asset of which all Paulistanos are proud.

In this sense, the city maintains a technical team to manage its international agenda, acting in the intermediation of numerous technical cooperation agreements in technology, climate and environment, business, tourism, culture, education, health, among others, increasing investments in the city and improving the life of the population.

We believe that São Paulo's multilateral and bilateral international relations strengthen not only our local development, but also contribute to the exchange of experiences with the international community that are reinforced and expanded, and the South-South Cooperation that the South-South Cities Clusters offers represents an important step towards increasing the exchange of good practices for development and integration among our local governments.

The City of São Paulo is convinced that international relations, such as this fundamental digital platform, are the means that weave the paths we need to strengthen cooperation between our cities, increasingly expanding the international voice of our local governments.

São Paulo, Brazil



UNESCO’s office in Mexico strengthens local capacities by acting as a specialized nexus of technical assistance between the different powers of the State and levels of government, institutions, civil society organizations, communities and key social actors, thus forging an interdependent network aimed at social welfare.

UNESCO, Mexico

Querétaro Creativo


Querétaro Creativo - Consejo Promotor de la Creatividad A.C. promotes and values creativity as a strategic factor in the sustainable development of Querétaro, Mexico, and the great capacity of design talent to provide innovative solutions. We are a non-governmental organization constituted as the Council of Queretan Creative Assets that, from different fronts, designs mechanisms to promote transsectorial projects that bring the territory we inhabit closer to a fair and peaceful reality even in the face of the systemic crises that are predicted for the next decade. Thanks to the networking we create both with the local and global community, we strategically influence culture for resilience in Querétaro. Today we represent our city before UNESCO in the Creative Cities Network and the Design Cities Network.

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Querétaro Creativo, Mexico

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Latest News and Updates

Cities Clusters - TourismCities ProjectNews
November 6, 2023

UNOSSC Cities Project and WHITRAP strengthen collaboration at 2023 World Heritage Creative Innovator Forum

From 2 to 3 November, representatives of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) Cities Project participated in the 2023 World Heritage Creative Innovator Forum in Guangzhou, China. The…
Cities Clusters - TourismEvents
August 9, 2023

2023 International Mayor’s Forum on Tourism: Zhengzhou, China, 4-6 September 2023

When: 4 – 6 September 2023 Where: Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China. The 2023 International Mayor’s Forum on Tourism (IMFT) in Zhengzhou, China, will be held by the Ministry of Culture and…
Cities Clusters - TourismCities ProjectDigital Transformation NewsNews
July 11, 2023

UNOSSC Facilitates China-Mexico City Exchange on Innovative Digital Solutions for Heritage Protection

On 6 July 2023, the Cities Project of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) held an online exchange on creative digital heritage products to achieve sustainable tourism. The…
Cities Clusters - TourismCities ProjectEvents
March 20, 2023

Webinar: Results and Opportunities of the Pilot Initiative on South-South Cooperation Between Cities on Sustainable Tourism, 29 March 2023

When: 29 March 2023, 10:00 AM – 12:00 PM (NY Time) Concept Note: To download the Concept Note, please click here. With its gradual positioning on the public agendas of the Sustainable…

Knowledge Products

Cities Clusters - Tourism Knowledge ProductsCities Project Knowledge ProductsPublications
December 7, 2023

Experiences and Practices on Inclusive Sustainable Tourism in Cities and Localities in the Context of South-South and Triangular Cooperation (UNOSSC, UNESCO, 2023)

As the world ushers into an era of transformation, UNOSSC Cities Project and UNESCO present the inspiring compilation “Experiences and Practices on Inclusive Sustainable Tourism in Cities and Localities in…
Cities Clusters - Tourism Knowledge ProductsPublications
March 29, 2023

South-South Cooperation on Sustainable Tourism Development in Mexican World Heritage Cities

In cooperation with UNESCO Mexico and Mexican World Heritage Cities Association (MWHCA or ANCMPM), the UNOSSC Cities Project launched the pilot “South-South Cooperation on Sustainable Tourism Development in Mexican World…
Cities Clusters - Tourism Knowledge ProductsDigital Transformation PublicationsPublications
March 29, 2023

Guide for Cities: Promoting Cultural Heritage in Digital Media in the Context of South-South and Triangular Cooperation

The communication and promotion of heritage in digital channels is a challenge for cultural managers and promoters as it is a field of continuous changes and constant trends and in-…
Cities Clusters - Tourism Knowledge ProductsCities ProjectNews
February 1, 2022

Ghana National Film Authority, Nanjing City and Shenzhen City of China explore South-South cooperation in creative industry

18 January 2022, Beijing – UNOSSC, through its Cities Project, facilitated South-South exchange in the areas of creative industry development with a special focus on cultural industry pilot zone development…

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