With 172 Member States, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the world’s principal forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology. Its mission is underpinned by three main areas of work: non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, ensuring the safety and security of nuclear facilities and nuclear applications, and supporting the peaceful uses of nuclear technology.
As developing countries have built their national capacities and institutions to apply and develop nuclear technologies, the IAEA has placed further emphasis on developing South-South and triangular cooperation approaches. Many developing countries have acquired a high level of expertise in nuclear technology in areas such as human health and agriculture, and many actively support neighboring countries, for example by providing training on nuclear techniques to doctors and scientists. There are numerous excellent examples of South-South cooperation in the use of peaceful nuclear technology. This makes a vital contribution to helping the Agency to deliver its support to the Member States.
Throughout the years, developing country counterparts have consistently encouraged the strengthening of these approaches as a mechanism, for example, to provide support to the least developed countries. Reflecting this policy direction, the IAEA’s overall Technical Cooperation Strategy and the IAEA Medium-Term Strategy for the period 2018 to 2023 provide the strategic framework to incorporate South-South and triangular cooperation approaches into programmatic activities.